Focused Monitoring (FM) Resources

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004 identified three priority areas to monitor for Part B (children and youth ages 3-21) and two priority areas for Part C (birth-age 3).

The Part B priority areas are:

  • The provision of a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE);
  • Disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education and related services, to the extent the representation is the result of inappropriate identification; and
  • State exercise of general supervisory authority, including child find, effective monitoring, the use of resolution sessions, mediation, voluntary binding arbitration, and a system of transition services.

The Part C priority areas are:

  • Early intervention services in the natural environment.
  • Effective general supervision, including child find and effective transition.

Based on these priorities, the Office of Special Education (OSE) reviews and analyzes local data, develops selection criteria, and, for each priority area, identifies candidates for a focused monitoring activity which may include an on-site review, a desk audit, or a self review.  OSE conducts FM activities multiple times a year. 

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